I seem to be getting more popular! but just look at the folks who are searching for Scarpa boots wearing out and the Silva pedometer are they connected
Tomorrow I’m reluctantly moving on from my lovely apartment in Les Gets towards Zurich so that I can meet my big brother & nephew next weekend for a 70th birthday bash (and I’ve heard a whisper it’s his wife’s birthday too )
I’m fully recovered from the ride here and the excellent Thierry has fitted the bike with new chain, rear gear cassette and brake pads. The dreaded rear pannier’s have been despatched home with my neighbour, as I’ve been assured by Sally after speaking to Pete that a tent isn’t necessary
I’ve spent the last few days trying to sort out my Etrex 20 with maps and in a moment of sheer stupidity lost my OSX application library – which interestingly broke all my Chrome extensions in a very nasty way, the dangers of using an offline backup service.
NB: All that follows is for Mac OSX users.
What I’ve learnt about Garmin maps is that you can fill your Garmin Etrex up with highly detailed Open Street Maps, essentially for free by visiting Velomap and downloading the desired country(s). Installing Garmin Basecamo & Garmin MapInstall. Unzipping the maps using The Unarchiver, setting the destination to the Application Library/Garmin /Maps folder (be careful here!).
Then using Mapinstall pop them into the Garmin. I now have all of France, Germany, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Hungary & Romania installed on my recently purchased 4GB micro SD (€8 from GITEM in Morzine).
To work out the routes I’ve been using Bikemap to create a track. A tip here if you want to modify someones existing track, download the gpx file to the desktop, create a new track in Bikemap and upload the gpx file, then you can edit it. To make the track into a route I used the cool JavaWa tools. I then used Basecamp to stuff the route into the Etrex. Tomorrow is the test
However, that’s only the backup sorted :-). What I really will use is the iPhone and the Gaia app, I’ve uploaded the tracks to the iPhone via email. Then used the neat Gaia utility to auto download the relevant Open Street Map tiles to the iPhone that cover the tracks, so in theory it all works offline.
Apologies to anyone tracking me but my SFR MiFi unit has used all it’s 2GB of data so I’m off air until I can reach a SIM shop in Switzerland…
One of the annoyances on the ride down to Les Gets from Cambridge was that at every cafe stop (of which there were many) I had to struggle to disengage the GPS & iPhone from their handlebar mounts plus the iPhone couldn’t be used in landscape mode due to there been no space left on the handlebars.
So on the way I was thinking of schemes to overcome the problem. If somehow I could attach the GPS & iPhone to my Altura Dryline Bar Bag then with one click of the Klickfix quick release I could remove the Altura bar bag, GPS & iPhone in one swift easy movement and head straight to the cafe with all my valuables.
Obviously any system shouldn’t affect the bag water proofing, map case use or ease of access to the bag for taking quick shots with my camera.
As all good design the answer was cheap & simple Take an old aluminium broom handle from the scrap bin. Hacksaw it to the right length, then crunch the ends into a flat using a vice, bend to right angles (very slowly & carefully). Put a hole in each end then attach to the sides of the Altura lid using penny washers and M4 bolts.
The map case slides underneath allowing space for The Bikeline books, even better the broom handle bar keeps the map case firmly in place.
The Topeak iPhone 5 case fits perfectly and can be used in landscape or portrait mode and as a bonus can have the power cable in place with the auxiliary battery pack in the Altura bar bag. (Use an IKEA plastic bag clip to hold the cable in place and seal the iPhone in anything but the worst conditions.). The Garmin handlebar mount fits on well.
Now to give it the 2000 mile test and to work out how to fix the Silva wind gauge……
After our US and India app releases, it has been an interested time!
The absence or relative concentration of different parameters may provide inputs for healthcare professionals for diagnosis, and management of upto 25 medical conditions.
Glucose is not normally present in the urine.
Once the level of glucose in the blood reaches a renal threshhold, the kidneys begin to excrete it into the urine in an attempt to decrease the blood concentration. So high blood concentrations lead to glucosuria, as does conditions that may reduce this renal threshold.
- Liver disease
- Medications such as tetracycline, lithium, penicillin, cephalosporins
Produced as a by-product during the degradation of RBC in the liver and normally excreted in the bile. Once in the intestine it is excreted in the faeces (as stercobilin) or by the kidneys (as urobilinogen).
Presence of bilirubin in the urine may therefore indicate:
- liver disease
- biliary tract infection
- pancreatic causes of obstructive jaundice
Not normally found in the urine, ketones are produced during fat metabolism.
Presence of ketones may indicate:
- a state of starvation
The specific gravity (SG) of urine signifies the concentration of dissolved solutes and reflects the effectiveness of the renal tubules to concentrate it ( when the body needs to conserve fluid). If there were no solutes present the urines SG would be 1.000, the same as pure water.
The SG of urine is around 1.010 but can vary greatly:
Decreased SG may be due to:
- Excessive fluid intake (oral or IV fluids)
- Renal failure
- Acute golmerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, acute tubular necrosis
- Diabetes insipidus
Increased SG may be due to:
- Dehydration due to poor fluid intake, vomiting or diarrhoea
- Heart failure
- Liver failure
- Inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion
It also reflects a high solute concentration which may be from glucose (diabetes or IV glucose) or protein.
Classified as microscopic or macroscopic haematoria. Microscopic means that the blood is not visible with the naked eye.
Blood may be present in the urine following trauma, smoking, infection, renal calculi or strenuous exercise.
It may also be present with:
- Urinary tract infections.
- Damage to the glomerulas or tumours which erode the urinary tract.
- Acute tubular necrosis.
- Traumatic catheterization.
- Damage caused by the passage of kidney stones.
- Contamination from the vagina during menstruation
The presence of myoglobin (myoglobinuria) after muscle injury will also cause the reagent strip to indicate blood.
Measures the hydrogen ion concentration of the urine.
It is important that a fresh sample be used as urine becomes more alkaline over time as bacteria convert urea to ammonia (which is very alkaline).
Urine is normally acidic but its normal pH ranges from 4.5 to 8.
Low pH (acidic):
- Foods such as acidic fruits (cranberries) can lower the pH, as can high a high protein diet.
- As urine generally reflects the blood pH, metabolic or respiratory acidosis can make it more acidic.
- Other causes of acidic urine include diabetes, diarrhoea and starvation.
High pH (alkaline):
- Low carb or vegetarian diet
- May be associated with renal calculi.
- Respiratory or metabolic alkalosis
- Urinary tract infection
This is measuring the amount of albumin in the urine. Normally there should be no detectable quantities.
Elevated protein levels are known as proteinuria. Albumin is one of the smaller protiens, and if the kidneys begin to dysfuncion it may show an early sign of kidney disease.
Other conditions which may lead to protein in the urine include:
- Injury to the urinary tract, bladder or urethra
- Inflammation, malignancies.
- Multiple myeloma
Normally present in the urine in small quantity. Less than 1% of urobilinogen is passed by the kidneys the remainder is excreted in the faeces or transported back to the liver and converted into bile.
Raised levels may be due to:
- Hepatic necrosis
- Haemolytic and pernicious anaemia
Detects white cells in the urine (pyuria) which is associated with urinary tract infection.
2. Cirrhosis of the liver
4. Hemolytic anemia
7.Metabolic acidosis and alkalosis
8. Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis
9. Diabetse mellitus
12. Renal calculi
13. Diabetes ketoacidosis
14. Biliary tract infections
15. Obstructive jaundice
19. Heart failure
20. Diabetes Insipidus
21. Nephropathy – Diabetic and Hypertensive
22. Multiple Myeloma
25. Cancers of the urinary tract, kidney, bladder
Last saturday Sally and I did the Yorkshire Three Peaks walk. A great walk it was too, especially tagging along behind two members of the LDWA who specialise in 100mile non stop walks. So we moved had a brisker pace and had fewer shorter stops than we are accustomed to with The Cambridge Rambling Club The weather was very low cloud with 12″ or so of freshish snow on all three peaks.
The gadgets I was carrying where an iPhone5 with the Moves app running & the route in the Viewranger app (although not tracking). I also had the route stored in my Garmin etrex 20 which was also storing our track as we walked it. Finally I was wearing my trusty Fitbit Ultra.
I’m pleased to say they all worked flawlessly and all their batteries stayed live for the 11 or so hours we were out. I was also carrying my Canon 550D with a 18-135mm lens.
This is a very nifty app that automatically works out if you are walking, cycling or just sat in a vehicle! It works by using the internal GPS (battery only lasts a few hours) and also the various internal motion sensors. At the end of the day it produces a summary and storyline (see left image). For this walk (and to and froing before & after) it gave a result of 58,499 steps, 25.7 miles in 10hours 29mins. You can also see the times we summited and the little stops we had.
I now use this app everyday the biggest disadvantage (apart from battery life – which to me is OKish)is that you cannot easily create a database of activity.
As anyone knows both Sally and I are obsessed with this amazing device.
This gave a reading of 60,600 steps, 28.6 miles. 523 floors climbed (5230 feet in normal speak) and 5340 calories burned over about 12.5 hours . So it agrees very closely to Moves.
This worked out we had walked 24.8 miles in a moving time of 8hr 45min (average speed 2.8mph) with an ascent of 5,579 feet. So the other devices had a pretty good correlation. So the Fitbit really does work
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I at to smile at this twitter from Fitbit:
Have you ever wondered how far you walk if you add up a year of steps? Keep an eye out for an email from us to learn about your 2012 stats!
— Fitbit (@fitbit) January 3, 2013
Since I’ve already accomplished this and more by using the excellent Fitbit API and the script written by John McLaughlin aka @loghound for Google docs. Ernesto Ramirez also made an how to video on Vimeo which easily explained the process, so that even I could do it!
The results can be found in this google spreadsheet (It may take a while to download, it’s rather big.
In my case the answer is 8,867,720 steps or 7,161Km (4,449 miles) which took 1,226.982 Kcals of energy (more or less I did lose just over 1kg in weight through the year). My weight chart is here
Time wise I spent:-
- 32% in bed, asleep for 30% + 2100 awakenings
- 36% sedentary
- 14% lightly active
- 7% very active
- Using google charts I produced this rather nifty chart of my daily steps.
So an interesting year for me.
9 Jan 2013 update. Here is the email:
Today marks my first aniversary with a Fitbit, well two of them as one broke getting on the plane in Geneva. The replacement one, kindly supplied FOC by Fitbit eventually got caught up in a washing machine cycle Fortunately, by then I had fixed the original one with superglu, the second one has now dried out and I think shows every sign of working. So I have been able to monitor my steps for the full year. In marked contrast to the Silva ones which could only hack a million steps before packing up.
The grand total for 201/12 is:
8,874,488 steps which they reckon is 4,498.23 miles walked.
Here is the steps per month:
The total floors climbed in the year is:
34,480 floors or about 344800 feet climbed about 65 miles! or about one Everest a month
Here is the monthly floors chart.
Of course I have to sleep as well:
For calories I get ¨This stat is unavailable while we tune a couple things. Don’t worry, your data is safe. Be back soon – Team Fitbit.¨ and the weight will have to wait till I return home.
I will add fun graphs etc to this page as I get them
All my Fitbit stuff is public at http://www.fitbit.com/user/229JTZ